NIGHTFIGHTING | Low-Light No-Light Woes and Solutions

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This article on nightfighting apppears courtesy of:

Breach Bang Clear


Early on in the Iraq and Afghanistan war, infantrymen and many specialized unit personnel started out with subpar illumination for nightfighting. Issued weapon illumination tools were practically non-existent outside of SOF formations, though there were a few units that open purchased them. There was only one contemporary issuee light I can recall. It took a bunch of AA batteries (and burned them quick) and mounted on the bayonet lug of an M16.

The difficulties of nightfighting - fighting in low-light or no-light conditions.

It was simply terrible.

This lack of issued white light was offset in many “field expedient” ways, with individual Soldiers and Marines literally duct taping D-cell Maglights to the underside of their rifles. That’s not a new idea at all, as anyone who has seen footage of troops in Grenada or Panama – or of the SAS at the Iranian Embassy – will agree. It looked like entire infantry platoons were armed with M203 grenade launchers! This lack of quality WML options was more than just an annoyance, however, once our troops launched into urban combat and had to clear out dark buildings. The nonsensical and willful oversight badly interfered with their ability to properly engage targets.

The laser illumination was one technology that money was being put into, from the AN/PEQ -4 (which was nothing more than a single IR laser) to the more feature-laden AN/PEQ-2 laser/illuminator. The systems were meant to be used with a head mounted NVD, but were of little use indoors.

I needed something for myself and my team, so I cobbled something together myself.

The first two systems I used included a handheld Surefire 6P which boasted a whopping 60 lumens and an Insight M3 weapon light, both of which used the extremely-hard-to-find CR123 battery (remember this is the 2002-2004 timeframe). I found a barrel clamp mount for the SureFire, which I used to attach the light to the barrel immediately in front of the front sight tower of the M16. It wasn’t until the M4 carbine and M16A4 became more abundant in both the Army and Marines that you saw wide spread use of issued white lights being mounted. Until that trend caught on, guys had to find field fixes using personal lights taped, strapped, tied and zipped to their issue weapon.

Many younger combat veterans who have served more recently will not recall how bad it was but ask around — the halcyon days of awesome accessories available for individual purchase (or God willing by the unit) did not begin until much later.

Grunts: halcyon.
The difficulties of nightfighting - fighting in low-light or no-light conditions.

That SureFire setup I cobbled together was pretty simple to use. I bought and broke at least a dozen tip-off filters over the years, and used them on all my weapon lights. You could illuminate a potential target with IR light, and identify if they were deserving of a bullet. Next, you could leave the light on by twisting the tailcap, and then engage using the IR laser of your PEQ. Indoors, you flipped off the IR filter to use the white light. The Peq-15 came out, which had a slaved visible and IR laser that helped to field zero, and useful filters for each teammate so you didn’t get confused with who’s beam was whose.

This was a huge step up in the laser department and is still being issued. It is by far my favorite accessory to use. Evolving weapon light technology increased runtime and manifested as better designs as the years went by, but the majority of lights still used tip-off, fragile IR filters.  The lights shrunk in size, and weight, while gaining better durability through LED bulbs and better design.  What didn’t change was the lack of a good IR illumination system.

In fact, it wasn’t until the last few years that IR illumination really made any progress, and even still you have limited options.The difficulties of nightfighting - fighting in low-light or no-light conditions.

The best options on the market as of this writing (in my opinion) are SureFire WMLs like the RAID {discontinued: click here], Millennium and Scout styles, which use white light/IR LED heads. The second would be the current SOCOM issue L-3 Insight WMX200 Dual Spectrum Illuminator, which has some nice features but is crazy expensive and rather large. The last but most light and simple option is the Inforce WML with IR feature. For under $200 bucks, it’s simple and affordable to pretty much everyone. The downside is the lack of remote pressure pad feature, and not everyone likes the built-in pad. This has a lot to do with your individual choice of how you hold the forearm of the weapon. It works great for thumbs-forward and C-Clamp users, but not so much for those who prefer vertical grips.

The difficulties of nightfighting - fighting in low-light or no-light conditions.

If I was pressed back into service to fight World War 3, this would be my solution. As a huge fan of the SureFire Scout light (as are many) I would arrange things thusly:

SureFire Scout (with several mounting systems included, if I was not certain of which blaster I would be using or if there was a chance I’d have to switch back and forth), the M620V Scout Light with built-in Vampire head, or simply a KM2 conversion head for one of my many existing Scouts.  That would give me about two hours of 150 lumens [now upgraded to 350 lumens], on a lightweight, adaptable light with the ability to use a dual pressure pad to control both the IR beam of the PEQ-15 and weapon light. Twist the light’s head, and now you are back to white light with no worries about a filter or separate light.

Now before you say, Well, just use the issue PEQ-16 with built-in white light!, think about this — the PEQ-16 is a huge, lunchbox-sized unit that has a terrible (by today’s standards) 60-lumen output white light built into it. You can’t move the light on the weapon, where you can reduce barrel shadow. The light is on the right-hand side, which means the lasers are on the left, which means C-clamping or using a high grip can interfere with the beam, unlike the right-hand laser of the PEQ-15. Assuming that you are a right-handed shooter, you are better off with the PEQ-15 and off-board IR laser. Besides, the PEQ-16 doesn’t have an IR filter for its “main” 60-lumen illuminator. And even if it did, the mode selector won’t allow white light and IR laser to be used together.

So you’re screwed if you want IR illumination that can actually shine out to a usable distance and an IR laser to engage. It’s a system that forces you into still using a separate weapon light, adding further weight and bulk.

The point of this article is to make you guys out there that actually use IR and NVDs think about your setup and how you use your gear.

This is all just my observations, but we would love to hear how you use your gear, what works for you, and any personal observations you have on the matter. Technology for light, laser, and mounting systems is evolving all the time, and we learn from experience. Spread the word, share your knowledge, and help your buddies out.  Let us know some options, and tell us what you roll out with.